Originally a German colony, Namibia was previously known as South-West Africa before gaining its Independence in 1990. The country derived its new name from the Namib Desert, which is the oldest desert in the world.
Climate and Geography
A relatively dry country when compared with the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa, Namibia receives the least rainfall in the region. Despite its arid surroundings, Namibia has a diverse range of geographical areas. These can generally be categorised as the Central Plateau, Namib Desert, the Great Escarpment, the Bushveld and the Kalahari Desert.
Namibia’s arid climate is due to its low annual rainfall which is recorded as an average of 396mm per annum over the last 20 years. As a result of the scarcity of rainwater, Namibia depends largely on underground water reserves for its water supply. Water conservation is a high priority countrywide.
The Namibian People
In 2011, the country’s population was counted at just over 2 million. Although Namibia has a very low density population, with often hundreds of kilometres separating towns, there are a few large towns and cities.
An estimated 325,858 people live and work in the capital city, Windhoek. The coastal towns of Walvis Bay and Swakopmund also boast a fairly large population but the majority of Namibians are based in the Northern regions, with the South being much more sparsely populated.
Namibia is a country of diverse cultures and is home to 13 different ethnic groups. Namibian languages and cultures are distinctively beautiful and create a vibrant tapestry of sight and sound. English is Namibia’s official language but the main languages spoken in households are Oshivambo, Nama/Damara, Kavango, Otjiherero, Afrikaans and German.
Fauna and Flora
Despite the fact that the Namib is the world’s oldest desert, the country is positively teeming with a wide variety of fauna and flora.
Throughout its myriad of parks and reserves, both state-owned and private, visitors are treated to an astounding number of wildlife and plant species. The most well-known reserves are Etosha National Park, Waterberg National Park and the Cape Cross Seal Reserve, which attract thousands of tourists yearly.
Namibia is a wonderfully warm and friendly country and we are sure you will love every moment here.
Namibia has many Conservancies, giving much needed income to communities while ensuring the conservation of fauna and flora in the country.